Getting to fly

In December 2009 I finally managed to finish my PhD. In January 2010, as a reward, I took myself to Zambia because I have always been fascinated by Dr. Livingstone.


I am not a particularly brave person, I’m actually quite shy and insecure most of the times.


But I do believe in forcing myself to do everything that terrifies me.







Conflict and Costume

Revisiting one of my favourite books this Africa Day


Jim Naughten’s wonderful book Conflict and Costume: The Herero Tribe of Namibia, tells the tale of the surviving descendants of the Herero whose 1904-1908 genocide at the hands of German colonialist is considered the first of the 20th century.


Each image, a portrait of Herero tribe members of Namibia,  reveals a material culture that harkens the region’s tumultuous  past: residents wear Victorian era dresses and paramilitary costume as a direct result and documentation of its early 20th  century German colonization. Namibia’s borders encompass the world’s oldest desert. Bleak lunar landscapes, diamond mines,  German ghost towns, rolling sea fogs, nomadic tribes and a  hostile coastline littered with shipwrecks and whale skeletons comprise the region’s striking and haunting natural features.  Namibia’s geography has witnessed a turbulent and little documented history of human settlement, upheaval and war within a particularly brutal period of European colonization.

Lutz Marten


The history of Herero clothing is extraordinary. Rhenish missionaries first introduced Victorian dress, which the tribe gradually accessorized by adding, for example, cow horn headdresses. Later, during the 1904 war with Namibia’s German colonisers, Herero tribe members claimed the military uniform of dead German soldiers.



Dressed in the costumes that have been appropriated from their colonial past, the men, women and children are taking part in a modern re-enactment of their peoples’ bloody history. The tribe’s now traditional costumes are seen by anthropologists as a fascinating subversion of their former rulers’ fashion, showing how the tribe survived a concerted effort by German colonialists to wipe them from the face of the earth.



All photos: Jim Naughten

Conflict and Costume: The Herero Tribe of Namibia
By Jim Naughten

Introduction by Lutz Marten

Published by  Merrell Publishers (February 19, 2013)

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